The fist time a pineapple was seen by an European was the time when Christopher Columbus stepped on American land. It was unique at that time in the world. Pineapple was though to be a royal fruit in the Renaissance period. This tropical perennial plant is native to Uruguay, Brazil, Puerto Rico, and Paraguay. Its size is medium and its 30 or more trough-shaped and pointed leaves surrounding a thick stern make it easy to recognize. The fruit is a rare example of multiple fruits, with many flowers spirally arranged along the axis. The leaf tip has many spines, especially for the Spanish and Queen cultivars.
It is one of the most commercialized fruit containing Crassulacean acid metabolism, or CAMphotosynthesis. It also contains a proteolytic enzyme (bromelain) and enzymes that help digesting food; therefore, the pineapple has benefits for some intestinal disorders. It also provides 40% of the daily-recommended doses of vitamin C, 10% of the Daily recommended doses of vitamin B and the same percent of Copper. In the Philippines, the fruits were known in traditional medicine as antihelminthics and anti-inflammatory if applied topically. A root decoction is also used for treat diarrhea. On the other hand, Pineapple is not recommended in large amounts because it can give stomach ulcers.
As a houseplant, it is necessary to mention that it is difficult to maintain it healthy. The plant may contact various diseases such as mealy bugs (that live on the surface of the leaves), bacterial heart rots and anthracnose. It also must be said that pineapples are sensitive to chill; therefore, they should not be stored in the refrigerator. It is not healthy to eat the fruit ripen anymore than what it was when picked.